Transparency demands continue

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LAPD shooting death leads to more protests, questions about releasing videos

BY KATE MATHER, JAMES QUALL
AND JOSEPH SERNA
LOS ANGELES TIMES/TNS

LOS ANGELES – In recent months, law enforcement leaders around the country have found themselves backed into the same corner following controversial police shootings captured on video.

Protestors turn their backs on Los Angeles Police Chief Charlie Beach as he reads his report during a police commission meeting on Oct. 4.(MARK BOSTER/LOS ANGELES TIMES/TNS)
Protestors turn their backs on Los Angeles Police Chief Charlie Beach as he reads his report during a police commission meeting on Oct. 4.
(MARK BOSTER/LOS ANGELES TIMES/TNS)

Chiefs in Fresno, Charlotte, North Carolina, and other cities initially refused to make the recordings public. But after days of protests and continuing demands for transparency, police leaders relented and released the video in the hope of reducing tensions and validating their accounts of what happened.

Faced with criticism over the fatal police shooting of a Black 18-year-old last weekend, Los Angeles Police Chief Charlie Beck found himself in a similar position and opted on Tuesday to release surveillance footage that showed Carnell Snell Jr. holding a gun moments before he was shot.

Beck, generally a staunch advocate of keeping such videos confidential, said he acted out of concern for public safety as well as to correct claims by some who knew Snell who said that the teen didn’t have a gun.

“My huge concern is that the dueling narratives further divide the community,” he said.

Agencies’ challenge
The move underscored the challenge law enforcement agencies confront in trying to keep video of police shootings confidential during a time of heightened public scrutiny of how officers use force, particularly against African-Americans.

By releasing videos in these high profile cases, police departments have raised expectations that they will make recordings public in the future.

Police leaders nationwide have long argued that the release of such videos can imperil investigations and violate the privacy of people captured on body or dashboard camera recordings.

But proponents of making the videos public say recent events show that the recordings can be made public without endangering investigations and that departments should not be cherry picking which videos to release if they want to regain trust in minority communities.

Matter of public trust
“It’s clear that keeping video confidential isn’t going to work. It undermines public trust more than it advances it,” said Peter Bibring, director of police practices for the ACLU of Southern California.

“Body camera footage or other video doesn’t provide transparency if the public never gets to see it.”

Some law enforcement experts were critical of police leaders for giving in to protesters by releasing video they otherwise would not.

“What you’re seeing is basically a policy of appeasement,” said Jon Shane, a professor at the John Jay School of Criminal Justice in New York City and a former police captain in Newark, N.J.

Shane said state legislatures should decide the rules for making recordings public. In California, lawmakers have repeatedly failed to draw up statewide policies on the issue.

Oct. 1 shooting
Snell was shot on Saturday afternoon, Oct. 1, after he ran from a car that officers thought could have been stolen and reached an area between two houses with a closed metal gate that had “somewhat-transparent” mesh, Beck said Tuesday. Snell, the chief said, turned with the gun in his hand.

Officers felt Snell was an “imminent threat,” Beck said, and one fired three shots. Snell hopped the fence and again turned toward the officers, Beck said, still holding the gun. Police fired an additional three rounds.

Some residents questioned the police account, including whether Snell had a gun.

The decision to make the video of Snell public followed lengthy conversations among Beck, Johnson and Mayor Eric Garcetti, according to interviews. All three were concerned with the competing narrative about the killing.

What video shows
The video came from a nearby business and shows a young man in a blue sweatshirt, identified by police as Snell, running through a strip mall and behind parked vehicles, holding what appears to be a gun in his left hand.

The man crouches and appears to tuck the handgun into his sweatpants before running out of view of the camera. Moments later, a police officer is seen running in Snell’s direction.

Despite the decision to release the recording, Beck said the department had yet to decide if it would release video from body cameras worn by officers in a second deadly police shooting, which took place in South L.A. on Sunday.

Beck has said that the video clearly refutes reports that some of the shots were fired when the man was on the ground. But releasing that video, he said, could set a standard for the LAPD in terms of complying with public records requests for such recordings.

Sparks questions
Beck cited a number of reasons why he was hesitant to release body camera video, including concerns about the graphic nature of some recordings and the time it would take to sort through an enormous volume of video to comply with public records requests.

But he was also worried frequent release of videos could violate the privacy of members of the public captured in recordings.

“I know, as a lifelong police officer, that I see people on the worst day of their lives,” he said. “People shouldn’t feel like when the police come to your house that what’s happened to you is going to be splashed all over the Internet.”

‘Eye for an eye’
At a weekly Police Commission meeting — where protesters booed Beck as he walked into the room — activist Melina Abdullah accused the department of trying to “assassinate” Snell’s character after his death. She and others called for the LAPD to make videos of other police shootings public.

“If they can release that video, they can release every damn video,” said Abdullah, an organizer with the Black Lives Matter movement.

Times staff writer Veronica Rocha contributed to this report.

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