Movement demanding justice for slain Black women
BY TINA SUSMAN
LOS ANGELES TIMES/TNS
NEW YORK — Four months after Eric Garner died during an altercation with police on Staten Island, officers in Cleveland found themselves struggling to subdue a 37-year-old with a history of mental illness.
As in Garner’s case, the person was Black, unarmed, and soon dead. As in Garner’s case, the death was declared a homicide.
Tanisha Anderson became one of more than two dozen Black females who have died in custody or confrontations with law enforcement since 2000, but whose names never caught fire in the call for police reform as “Black Lives Matter” marchers called out the names of Black males: Garner, Michael Brown, Tamir Rice, Freddie Gray.
Anderson’s name remains largely unknown, even though she was killed just nine days before Rice, the 12-year-old shot by Cleveland police while playing with a toy gun.
Justice for women
Now, relatives of the women are trying to make sure their names are not forgotten and they have joined forces with some of the same activists who marched in protests demanding justice for slain men.
This time, they are demanding justice for slain women in a movement called SayHerName.
“If all Black lives matter, women should be raised up as well,” said Karl Kumodzi, 23, who attended a New York rally last month, one of dozens held across the country to publicize the women’s names.
Kumodzi noted that it was women who launched the “Black Lives Matter” movement, which has swelled into a nationally known pressure group calling attention to deaths of unarmed Black males.
“We’re putting racism at the forefront, but people aren’t putting gender at the forefront,” Kumodzi said. “If all lives matter, you have to do that.”
Lack of videos
Activists say there are several reasons Black female deaths are not widely known. There are far fewer of them than those involving men and boys. In addition, videos implicating police in female deaths have not surfaced as they did in the cases of Garner, Rice and Walter Scott in North Charleston, S.C., in April.
But protesters at the May rallies said numbers and videos should not matter.
They worry that if Americans are not aware of female victims, the abuses against them will be allowed to continue, hampering efforts to reform policing overall.
“You can’t leave one group behind, or you’ll just cause another problem down the line,” said Kisma Herman, 18. She said the onus is on national leaders, from the White House on down, to include women when they talk about justice and police reform.
‘Boys have sisters’
“It starts on a national level, like with our president’s initiative, My Brother’s Keeper,” Herman said.
President Barack Obama launched My Brother’s Keeper after Trayvon Martin, an unarmed, Black 17-year-old, was shot to death in 2012. The initiative is aimed at mentoring young Black men and boys and helping them find jobs.
“It makes it seem like the boys come first, the boys matter, but these boys have sisters, and they come from mothers,” said Herman, adding that activist groups often have urged women to set aside gender-specific issues for the sake of the broader civil rights movement.
“The brothers are supposed to come first and then, once they’re OK, we can pay attention to the sisters,” Herman said. “But we’ve been waiting so long.”
Sharing their stories
As she spoke, relatives of dead women and girls stood on a stage in Manhattan’s Union Square telling the stories of their lost daughters, mothers and sisters.
“What happened to my daughter was unjust. It was very unjust,” Anderson’s mother, Cassandra Johnson, said as about 200 protesters waved large photographs of the women and chanted, “Say her name.”
Like cases involving men and boys, most of the females’ deaths have been mired in controversy, with police saying they felt threatened and witnesses alleging officers overreacted. Also like the cases involving men, most of the women were unarmed, many had histories of mental illness, and some had previous run-ins with police.
Some, though, were just unlucky.
Alberta Spruill, 57, who died of a heart attack when New York police acting on bad information broke down the door of her apartment on May 16, 2003, and threw a concussion grenade inside.
Aiyana Stanley-Jones, a 7-year-old Detroit girl who was shot dead exactly seven years later when police raided the home where she was sleeping.
Tarika Wilson, 26, who was shot dead on Jan. 4, 2008, in her Lima, Ohio, home by police searching for her boyfriend.
After two mistrials, a judge in April dismissed the remaining misdemeanor charge against the officer who shot Aiyana. In Wilson’s case, her family received a $2.5 million wrongful death settlement. In Spruill’s case, the city settled a wrongful death lawsuit for $1.6 million, and police apologized.
Even in cases involving women with histories of violence or crime, activists say there is no excuse for failing to call attention to their deaths.
“The numbers are not as high, so it’s easy for them to be swept under the rug,” said Natasha Duncan, whose sister, Shantel Davis, was shot to death by a New York police detective on June 14, 2012, after the stolen car she was driving crashed. “The movement needs to make sure they are not forgotten.”