What kind of president will he be?
Right now, no one knows.


WASHINGTON – One week after Donald Trump won the presidency, the country he will take over in approximately two months lacks a precise idea of what he will do as the nation’s chief executive.

President-elect Donald Trump looks on in the Oval Office of the White House during a meeting last week with President Obama in their first public step toward a transition of power.(OLIVIER DOULIERY/ABACA PRESS/TNS)
President-elect Donald Trump looks on in the Oval Office of the White House during a meeting last week with President Obama in their first public step toward a transition of power.

President Obama has tried to push Trump in the direction of pragmatism. The president-elect’s colleagues on Capitol Hill are trying to pull him in a more ideologically conservative direction. Some members of his own team are advocating a more provocative line.

No details
Uncertainty reigns because Trump came into office riding the anger of an electorate whose resentments he correctly assessed, rather than because Americans fully embraced his policy positions. There were in fact few of those, and mostly without details.

In the absence of a predictable path, Trump stands in contrast to previous Republican presidents.

George W. Bush came in as a “compassionate conservative” bent on expanding the GOP’s reach. His father, George H.W. Bush, ran on a desire to soften the edges of his more ideological predecessor, Ronald Reagan. Reagan presented a sense of ideological certainty that is so far lacking in Trump, despite his many efforts to cast Reagan as his model.

Former House Speaker John A. Boehner, a veteran reader of Washington’s ways, said Tuesday that even he was unsure what type of president Trump would be.

“Nobody really knows,” Boehner said in an interview on CNBC. “Donald Trump is not an ideologue.

… He is barely a Republican. He could be barely a Democrat as well. Nobody really knows where he is going.”

Keeping options open
Trump filled the highest reaches of his governing team by simultaneously appointing a man who had pressed Republicans to reach out to women and non-Whites and another man who has used his media organization to blister women and minorities as part of an agenda closely allied to White nationalist sentiments.

In a “60 Minutes” interview that aired Nov. 13, Trump described the right to gay marriage as “settled” because the Supreme Court had approved of it in 2015. At the same time, he said he would work to overturn the abortion rights decision the high court had reached 42 years earlier.

The construction of a giant wall on the Mexican border? The shredding of U.S. alliances with NATO? Sending Hillary Clinton to jail? Those may or may not remain part of his administration’s program, but he has issued contradictory messages on all three.

Principled or negotiable?
After 17 months of campaigning, it remains unclear whether Trump’s positions are a matter of conscience and priority or the opening gambits of negotiations that might lead somewhere unforeseen.

Trump may have best described his approach during the campaign: “I like to be unpredictable,” he said on more than one occasion.

“This is a guy, the nearest I can tell, who is the closest we’ve had to an independent president,” said Reed Galen, a former George W. Bush administration official who opposed Trump.

“This is a guy who ran against Republicans, Democrats and Washington. He’s not a conventional anything. Who knows how much he cares about unifying the country he won without them?”

Needs time
Still, forces are at work to influence him.

“I don’t think he is ideological. I think ultimately he is pragmatic,” Obama said in a news conference, suggesting that Trump may eventually reside closer to the mainstream than his campaign indicated.

Obama practically pleaded with Americans to give Trump time to find his footing on the matters that will be before him on Jan. 20.

‘Think hard’
Among them is the fate of the so-called Dreamers, who were brought to the country by their parents at a young age, without proper papers. Obama protected them from deportation. His administration collected information about them as a precursor to granting legal status.

Now, that information belongs to a government soon to be led by a president who has insisted that he would force out those without proper documents. Trump said in recent days that his priority is deporting 2 million to 3 million migrants who he says are criminals – and he has not said what happens to the rest.

“Think long and hard,” Obama publicly counseled Trump.

GOP push
Countering Obama’s push is one by members of the president-elect’s party on Capitol Hill.

House Speaker Paul D. Ryan has reinterpreted Trump’s campaign plans to merge with his own.

Trump’s detail-short vow to repeal and replace Obamacare became, in the speaker’s hands, a mandate to wholly change the nation’s Medicaid and Medicare programs, making both less generous.

Ryan and Trump remain on opposite sides when it comes to their positions on trade, on the construction of the Mexico wall and the sort of infrastructure spending that Trump promised.

Impacted by polls
If the campaign is any indication, the most important measurement pushing Trump one way or the other may be public opinion. Nearly every speech he made included some reference to his strong standing in polls, whether that was true at the moment or not.

Interviews with Trump supporters at his rallies suggest that many are looking for a change in direction but will not hold Trump to achieving all of his promises. Executing some of them, however, probably will be necessary lest Trump look as ineffective as the politicians he defeated.

Based on what other presidents have done, “he will try to follow through with the promises that he made,” said Dartmouth political scientist Brendan Nyhan. Trump may be able to claim victory without actually fulfilling his promises, Nyhan believes.

“These aren’t all-or-nothing questions and he’s shown himself to be willing to reverse himself on the dime,” he said. “We shouldn’t be surprised.”


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